Why Do IT Projects Fail Miserably? [Infographic]
In the world of IT project management, projects fail all the time. A lot more than you’d expect. With a failure rate fluctuating between 25-85%, it’s surprising that anything ever gets completed.
As a project manager, it's in your best interest that these projects don't fail. But how can you do that?
In this article we hope to shine a light on some of the reasons for this high failure rate. Looking at the “whys” behind IT project failure with our infographic. And also throwing in a few tips on how project resource management software can help those numbers point in the other direction.
What percentage of IT projects fail?Unfortunately there’s no definitive statistics for the amount of failure among IT projects. Mostly because there’s no agreed upon definition of project failure. And instead most corporations decide this internally.
What we do know is that in 2009, the International Data Corporation (IDC) released a report saying that 25% of IT projects experience utter failure. This of course doesn’t include the 50% of projects which required rework. Nor the 20-25% which failed to provide a return on investment (ROI).
Eventually, as time went on and technology became more ubiquitous, seeping into most aspects of work and life, IT projects and their respective budgets increased. Along with their failure rates.
The larger they are, the harder they fall...
The best insight and the most widely cited statistic about IT project failure comes from Gartner.
Their 2012 study revealed that larger projects (with budgets of over 1M USD) are 50% more likely to underperform than smaller projects. The conclusion of their report was that 31% of projects under investigation were deemed complete failures, 52% were partially unsuccessful and only 16.2% of projects were completed successfully.
However, by 2017 this number was up to 60% and it’s only increased since. With some people citing as high a number as 85%.
So while we don’t know exactly how many IT projects will eventually fail, we can conclude that bigger budgets account for a higher likelihood of being unsuccessful. But what’s the reason for this?
Why do big IT projects fail?It’s certainly not often due to lack of resources. Especially if PMs have a substantial budget to play around with. More often than not, big projects fail because they aren’t using their resources effectively. And this all comes to improper project resource management.
In the infographic below we list the top 5 reasons why large IT projects fail. These include:
- Unclear objectives
- Unrealistic schedule
- Shifting requirements
- Unaligned team
- Unexplained causes
Below, we’ll go through what each of these mean and also throw in a few tips on how project resource management can turn these projects around.
Unclear objectives(A tree swing story demonstrates how miscommunication can affect project outcomes and shows that unclear objectives can influence projects. Source: https://www.pmac-agpc.ca/project-management-tree-swing story#:~:text=The%20tree%20swing%20analogy%20first,development%20of%20a%20tree%20swing.)
Have you started reading and halfway through the page, needed to stop to figure out what exactly was going on? Maybe this is fine when reading a Clive Barker novel, but it’s not great when you need to do the same on a project worth millions of dollars.
In project management you should go in with clear objectives as opposed to figuring it out halfway through.
And when you do have unclear project goals, each team and department wind up creating their own version of what they think the project should be. That’s when you end up with a real life version of the Tree Swing story. An analogy coined in the 1970s that illustrates poor project communication and management.
How to solve it:
Set different milestones and benchmarks throughout the process. This will help you track whether your team is sticking to the original plan. This form of project planning is also more agile, since you can reassess how it’s going every few months.
Read on: check out our infographic on creating a strategic planning process that involves the whole team. That way everyone is caught up from the get-go.
Unrealistic ScheduleLife is unpredictable. We all know it. Yet, people are continually shocked when things don’t go as expected. Even PMs, whose entire job it is to plan and execute meaningful projects fall victim to unrealistic scheduling.
Maybe it’s due to the client’s needs. Or maybe it’s because they lost their lead developer to parental leave. Or maybe another project took priority and with it some team capacity for a while.
How to solve it:
With resource scheduling software, you create a singular resource pool for all your ongoing projects. That way if there are multiple projects happening at the same time, you’ll be able to track who goes where.
In Ganttic, you can even set the utilization for each of your resources. That way if someone has two tasks happening simultaneously, the PM can decide how much time and effort is allocated to each task.
Read on: see more about scheduling concurrent tasks and how this feature can help you multitask your work better.
Sometimes you don’t know what you need until you start. That’s often the case with IT projects, which often are on the cutting edge of technology. So it’s plausible to not know exactly what is needed when diving into a new project.
But if it’s a case of technical complexity, you need to schedule that into the projects from the get-go. Just because it feels like technology moves at lightning speed today, we need to remember that it took hundreds of thousands of years to get to this point. And it’s wise to recall the old adage, that “Rome wasn’t built in a day.” Neither was the iPhone.
How to solve it:
Sometimes projects need to be shifted back. And that’s OK. Just make sure you take all the tasks and dependencies with them. In project management like Ganttic, you can shift a project to and fro, forward and to the back. And when you shift everything else you scheduled goes with it. Meaning you won’t lose more time, rescheduling every single task.
Read on: Check out our resources on project shifting as well as how to set dependencies for your tasks.
Unaligned TeamDiverse teams are better teams. It’s proven by science. Differing backgrounds, opinions, and skills lead to better communication and collaboration. And when the PM understands who’s working on the project, they can make better decisions regarding how to match tasks to specific skills.
If you don’t understand who’s on your team, it means you have to scramble when looking for someone who knows an obscure programming language. When maybe you didn’t have to. Because perhaps the answer was right under your nose the whole time.
How to solve it:
Custom data fields are a feature of project resource management tools. These let you add info about your human (and non-human) resources. And ensures that you are scheduling the right person for the right job.
Need someone who’s located in your Detroit branch, has a background in FoxPro, and speaks Mandarin? In Ganttic, you can filter and sort by your data fields. That way you can find exactly who you need.
The final reason projects fail is kind of catch-all. Poor communication, inadequate cost estimation, little to no change management. All of these are disasters waiting to happen. But they also all stem from the same thing: poor leadership.
How to solve it:
It’s difficult to manage big projects. But the best leaders know they need help. That’s where a tool can come in handy. It can pick up the extra slack. Find the gaps. And help you get better efficiency.
Stop failing, start winning
Failure is inevitable in life. That’s how we learn as humans. But just make sure you aren’t failing when it’s worth millions of dollars. And it means you could lose your job.
Ganttic is a project resource management tool that can help. See where your resources are. Pick the right ones. Prioritize time and projects. Get the best results.
Cut the amount of failed projects in half with Ganttic resource and project portfolio management.
Infographic creator: Patricia Goh