Resource management helps managers get the most out of their projects’ people, tools, and equipment. And here’s 5 convincing reasons why the process is so integral for effective project management. It’s important because it:
Resource management is difficult to condense down to bullet points. Especially when the process is often not always clearly defined.
This article will go over everything you need to know about this planning method. We’ll explain the importance of resource management. And demonstrate just how crucial this process is to the health of your organization and project portfolio. That way your company can start reaping the benefits immediately.
Let’s start with a simple definition of resource management.
It is the process of planning, scheduling, and allocating organizational and project resources in the best possible way. From the beginning stages of your projects right up to the very end. Its ultimate aim is fulfill project, task, or organizational goals. While ensuring the utmost efficiency of resources along the way.
With all project management, managers need to know if there’s enough capacity and the proper means to bring projects to life. Resource management can guarantee that you’ll not only have the right resources to achieve your objectives, but you have the right resources that will take your projects to the next level. All while minimizing potential scheduling conflicts, project bottlenecks, and the ill effects of resource over- and under-utilization.
Read on: What tools do PMs trust for perfect project resource planning? Take a look at the top 5 resource planning tools.
Resources can be anything from people to machinery to facilities. They are whatever you need to complete your project or task.
For a construction company, a resource can include a special piece of equipment or tools. A software company would need computers and developers. And an event manager might need caterers and a venue. For a lab, you have rooms for experiments, specialized tools, materials. Because resources exist in every field, so does the need for resource management.
Without project resources, there’s no way to deliver that website to your client. Or complete the work promised upon your bid. Resources make the projects go round!
For managers to get resource management done right, they must first understand the process. And as project and program needs differ, distinctions should be made. Here are the 2 main types of resource management.
While maximizing efficiency is the official credo of resource management, maybe you have a different goal in mind. Here’s a few common ways resource management helps organizations meet their goals.
Read on: Perhaps you already know how managing resources can help your projects, teams, and organization. If you're looking for some software to help with your resource management, take a tour of Ganttic.
Below are 5 ways in which your company will tangibly start to notice the importance of resource management. Since it can help
We will also explain each of these benefits more in-depth.
In order to get the most out of your resources, it’s essential to track their utilization. This helps your see how much time your people and tools are engaged in any given task. And will help make the most out of the resources available to you.
Resource utilization is the percentage of the resource’s working time (Busy time) within a certain time period (Available time). This can be achieved through this formula:
Resource utilization = Busy time / Available time
This is an important metric in understanding whether or not your resources are working at maximum efficiency.
Read on: Check out a few other ways to maximize not only your resource usage, but how to best integrate resource utilization into your planning process.
Utilization tracking and planning is the number one thing to consider if you are planning your team and its resources. It’s especially important if your resources have concurrent tasks or if they work on multiple projects simultaneously. This provides you with insight on resource availability and allows you to find the best match between tasks and your resources.
Both over and underbooking your team can lead to negative outcomes. For example, studies found that on days when people experience more challenges, they also tend to feel more positive and engaged in their work. This means your team should feel challenged in order to be more productive.
On the flip side, it has been found that over utilizing a resource and an extreme workload can lead to burnout. However, research indicates that when managers carry out management practices that promote job control (such as resource management), it reduces the risk of burnout.
Utilization can also be extended to planning other (nonhuman) resources. You can track the downtime or efficiency of a piece of heavy machinery, for example. This can help with long-term planning, and allow you to nip a problem in the bud. If you know that you will be using a specific machine extensively, you can make arrangements for repairs or replacements ahead of time.
Contemporary project management is tricky. Offices in different locations. A number of ongoing projects. Hundreds of different resources with different tasks. Without resource management, it’s a catastrophe waiting to happen.
Effective resource management strategies will give you an overview of everyone and everything. And an overview gives you control over what’s going on.
To do so, it might be wise to take a cue from the ancient Romans. Their concept of dīvide et imperā, (usually translated to “divide and conquer”) can help give you an overview:
Congrats! You are now essentially the modern-day Julius Caesar of resource organization.
In project management, you should aim to have a better overview of everything. This will help you see exactly where your project’s at, what still needs to be done, and by when. It turns out, an overview will help you manage your team better and give you more efficiency.
When Allison Stroebele from Pure Technologies was looking for a resource management tool, she said:
“We needed a better way to schedule a project so that we could see who would be involved and what equipment would be in use. Especially when teams were coming from three different offices nationwide and equipment was being shipped from anywhere in the country.”
Implementing a tool that provided them an overview of all those variables Allison and the management team at Pure Technologies saw efficiency increases almost immediately.
“We’re more efficient in our jobs. We can track at least 80 pieces of equipment now as well, which wasn’t practical previously. As soon as we started using Ganttic, our tool support people said, ‘This is awesome, we can track every single piece of equipment. We can keep track of where everything is in real-time.’
So it gives everybody better visibility on where equipment and technicians are and what they’re doing.” Read the full case study of how Pure Technologies is using Ganttic for resource management
Whether you decide to follow the ancients’ method, or get modern software to do the heavy lifting, an overview will give you a bird’s-eye view of your projects. This will allow you to have better visibility, which can ultimately increase efficiency.
With resource management, every (human) resource is able to view their tasks. Every project manager can see how resources are allocated. This means planning is transparent both ways.
And transparency is to planning like the weekend is to the workweek. Without it, it’s just Monday-Friday. And we all know what can happen when it’s all work and no play. You’ve seen “The Shining,” right?
There are both practical and theoretical reasons why you’d want your project management process to be transparent.
Misunderstandings are often unavoidable. Especially if you are working in an organization with simultaneous projects and managers. And while workarounds for this are abundant, they don’t always get the job done.
It’s easy to create a Gantt chart from your Google calendar. Or make a project management doc in Excel. But without dedicated resource planning software, you opening yourself to a host of other problems.
Resources will get overbooked. Task statuses will be changed over and over again. And no one will be sure what the “right” version of the project plan is. This can mess things up with your team, bosses, and stakeholders.
It’s no wonder that miscommunication is the #1 reason why projects fail. Yet, resource management with an ERP or a “lite” version like Ganttic will provide you with better transparency. Helping to avoid such misunderstandings.
The other reason why you should aim for transparency is the engaged workforce that comes with it. With links between organizational transparency, credibility, and organizational accountability. There’s plenty of proof transparent communication drives employee engagement.
So, when managers encourage more participative information sharing, employees feel more engaged with their work. So with greater transparency, you’re essentially creating a better workforce.
However, to achieve that kind of transparency, you need a tool that allows controlled access to every team member. Unfortunately it can get quite expensive if the tool is priced per user. Which is why you should aim to find one that is priced per resource.
That way you’ll only pay for the resources in use. More transparency and less money, makes for a better business!
Crystal balls. Tarot cards. Tea leaves. Resource management?
Though it may seem like the odd one out, managing resources can really help you predict the future. And unlike the others, it can be a lot more reliable.
It turns out, planning your resources gives you the ideal opportunity to understand the actual timeline of a project. The phases, the tasks that need to get done, and the resources that are required to make miracles happen. Planning lets you account for all of this, before they even occur.
By planning out your resources, you have a better idea of where your team and equipment are located. And what they’re up to.
Booked machines, client meetings, incoming shipments. Equipment scheduling means everything is planned and accounted for. Allowing project managers to quickly and easily check the availability and utilization of a resource. This is helpful if a plan changes quickly and alternative arrangements need to be made. And trust us, this will happen!
Plans can also show the bottlenecks of the projects: upcoming holidays, overlapping vacation days, scheduled repairs, mandatory safety trainings. Long-term planning can help you prepare for the future and make adjustments in advance. By fixing the problems when they are still “invisible,” you can prevent them from getting worse.
Taking the time to plan and organize your resources now means “future you” will be better prepared and more able to focus on everyday tasks. You can thank yourself now for all the free time you will have.
As a project manager, you not only need to see what’s going on with your various projects, but you also need to have control about what’s going on. Being able to track your resources’ progress is essential. But without the correct tools to help you, you can’t actually take control and manage what needs to get done.
Nowadays there are a plethora of tools that recognizes the importance of resource organization and planning. You can start with a simple hand-drawn Gantt Chart, or a spreadsheet in Excel. Or you can move onto software that’s more adapted to your needs, once you decide to move beyond Excel.
Planning out and managing your resources gives you a clear understanding of who is doing what, where, and how long before they finish.
You can see who has more downtime and who can be reallocated to help out on other tasks. Are there enough people, machinery, and other resources to finish a task? Or do you need to hire someone else? Having all this info gives you a feeling that you have a control over a project.
Resource management is a continuous activity. But when you plan it out, you are better able to have a bigger picture of the entire process. For the shot and long term.
You can measure the performance of your resources, which makes for more accurate forecasting. This can help you choose the best direction for your company. So instead of running into problems, you can see what lucrative opportunities lay beyond the horizon.
Having control means you’re the captain of your ship. The projects and tasks are for you to manage. Not the other way around.
If you're looking for a few more resources of project management, schedule a free personalized demo with Ganttic.
If there is just one thing you take with you from this article, it is the fact that resource management is essential to your organization. Not only is it beneficial for your team, company, and projects. It can also help to avoid unnecessary headaches.
Luckily, these days there are many tools available to make your life easier. Starting with a simple Gantt Chart, to Microsoft Excel, to actual resource management software. Whatever it is, start with something. Meet your goals and take control of your projects by finding the best tool for you.
Take this opportunity to be the best project manager you can be. Make planning transparent and get a grasp on your resources and projects. “Future you” will thank you.
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